What causes blisters at the root of the tongue? Treatment.
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What causes blisters at the root of the tongue? Treatment.

Bubble on the tongue is a common problem, but it usually does not cause a serious health problem. Blistering can occur due to many different reasons. Bubbles on the tongue can cause a strange feeling in the mouth.

What Causes Bubbles in the Tongue?

Blisters called fungiform papillae are small structures on the tongue. These blisters are the same color as the rest of the tongue and are normally indistinguishable on the tongue. These structures make the tongue tissue hard, making it easier to eat. Fungiform papillae contain temperature sensors and taste buds. These papillae can enlarge and enlarge for different reasons. Conditions that cause the growth of blisters on the tongue are usually not a serious problem. However, if the blisters do not return to their original state in a certain period of time, continue to grow and spread, or make it difficult to eat, a doctor should be consulted.

What causes blisters at the root of the tongue? Treatment.
What causes blisters at the root of the tongue? Treatment.

Causes of bubbles in the tongue:


As with other injuries to the body, swelling may occur in the injured area in response to a tongue injury. This swelling can cause a feeling of swelling on the tongue. accidentally biting the tongue, burning the tongue while consuming a hot food or drink; are the most common types of injuries.


Herpes is a very common viral infection in the community. Oral herpes caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV) may cause no symptoms in some people. In some people, it may show itself in the form of herpes around the lips. Herpes can cause herpes on the tongue and gums as well as around the lips. These herpes lesions can be painful and can take more than a week for herpes to go away. Oral herpes is a contagious condition. HSV can be transmitted to other people by direct contact with the lesioned area or through saliva. Even if the person carrying the virus does not show symptoms, that is, herpes, he should be conscious as he can spread the virus to healthy people.


Aphthae are one of the most common types of oral wounds. Aphthous lesions may occur on the inside of the lips or on the tongue. These lesions may be red, white, or yellow. In addition, these wounds are often painful. Aphthae usually heal on their own.


Food allergies can cause blistering or swelling of the tongue. Care should be taken as sudden swelling of the entire tongue may indicate a severe allergic reaction called ‘anaphylaxis’. Anaphylaxis is an important health problem that needs urgent intervention.


Although it is a rare condition, the bubble on the back of the tongue, that is, at the base of the tongue, may indicate cancer. If the swelling is located on the sides of the tongue, does not cause pain and is felt in a relatively hard structure, the swelling is more likely to be a sign of cancer. If the swelling in the tongue persists for more than two weeks, it would be useful to consult a doctor.


Infection in the mouth or tongue can cause swelling and pain in the tongue. The risk of infection in the tongue that is injured as a result of trauma such as biting increases. Even a healthy mouth is home to a large number of bacteria. In cases such as injury to the tongue, the area of ​​the lesion can easily become infected. If painful swelling and fever symptoms occur together, it is useful to have the necessary health checks against the risk of severe infection.


Syphilis is a bacterial infection that can cause life-threatening serious complications, but is treatable. If healthy people come into contact with the syphilis wound in their partner during sexual intercourse, the infection can also be transmitted to these people. In people with syphilis infection, sore formation on the tongue is among the early symptoms of the disease.


Tuberculosis, also known as tuberculosis, is an infectious disease that mostly affects the lungs. Tuberculosis can cause sores in different parts of the body, including the tongue. Although a tuberculosis-related tongue sore is a very rare condition, it may occur as the first sign of infection in some people.


Thrush is a fungal infection of the tongue. Thrush is common in infants and the elderly. In addition to these groups, thrush is more common in those who use steroid inhalers in the treatment of asthma, those who have dry mouth problems and those whose immune system is weakened. Thrush causes white patchy lesions on the tongue. A cottony feeling may occur on the tongue due to the disease.


Papillae are small blisters on the tongue. The temporary inflammation (inflammation) that occurs in these blisters is called papillitis. In transient lingual papillitis, prominent red or white blisters form on the tongue. Stress, hormone changes, some foods; may cause transient lingual papillitis. Transient lingual papillitis usually goes away on its own within a few days.


Sugary, sour or acidic food drinks are in the mouth.

How Is The Tongue Bubble Treatment?

The treatment of swelling in the tongue differs according to the condition causing the lesion. Antifungal drugs may be preferred for the treatment of thrush. Antibiotics are used in the treatment of bacterial infections that cause wounds in the mouth. Conditions such as transient lingual papillitis go away on their own, and it is not possible to cure herpes completely. However, the risk of recurrence of the disease can be prevented to a certain extent by the use of antiviral drugs.

Diseases that weaken the immune system, such as diabetes, may predispose to the formation of a blister-like wound on the tongue. Therefore, controlling these diseases with treatment can provide a long-term solution to the formation of tongue sores.

Applications that can help conditions such as swelling in the tongue and ulcers heal faster and help reduce the feeling of pain due to wounds:

  • Proper Oral Care: Keeping the mouth clean helps the tongue wound heal faster. Brushing teeth, flossing and using mouthwash; reduces the risk of the wound becoming infected. Regular dental check-ups are also important as part of proper oral care.
    Gargle with Salt Water: Salt water reduces the risk of infection in the wound and thus accelerates wound healing. To prepare mouthwash, it is sufficient to mix a glass of warm water with half a teaspoon of salt.
  • Gargling with Chamomile Tea: Chamomile tea helps to fade and lighten the wounds on the tongue. Gargling with chilled chamomile tea helps the wound heal.
  • Mouthwash with Sage: Sage has anti-inflammatory properties. The water boiled with sage can be cooled and used for gargling.
    Applying Honey to the Wound: Honey is a food with antibacterial properties. In addition, honey accelerates wound healing after burning. Therefore, applying honey to tongue wounds can help the wound heal faster.
  • Ice: Sucking on ice in the mouth contributes to the reduction of pain and discomfort caused by the wound. Care should be taken not to bite into the ice while it is being sucked in. This can cause the enamel to crack or break the tooth.
  • Food Choice: Spicy, salty, sour and acidic foods can cause tongue irritation. Sharp-edged foods such as chips can also injure the tongue. It would be beneficial for people with a wound on their tongue to stay away from these foods until the wound heals.
    Smoking Cessation: Smoking can slow wound healing and irritate the tongue. People with tongue sores should limit smoking for faster wound healing.

Tongue swelling can occur for many different reasons. These bumps, which are mostly harmless, can be a symptom of serious diseases such as cancer in some cases. In the presence of a tongue sore that does not go away for a long time, it is useful to consult a doctor and have the necessary controls done.

White Tongue Sore Throat

Bibliography: https://www.medicalpark.com.tr/dil-kokunde-kabarciklar/hg-2527

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