What is Chalazion Surgery
Health A-Z Surgery

What is Chalazion Surgery?

Cysts that form on the eyelids as a result of the occlusion of the glands on the edges of the eyelids are called chalazion or eyelid cysts. Chalazions, which are small, painless and lump-like swellings, usually disappear within a few weeks. However, although rare, these cysts may persist for longer than that. Chalazions are often confused with styes because of their similar appearance. But chalazion, although it may be caused by styes, is no longer an infectious condition. Therefore, the correct diagnosis is important for the treatment of chalazion. For the treatment of chalazions that do not heal for a long time, operations known as chalazion surgery should be applied.

What is Chalazion Surgery
What is Chalazion Surgery

What is a chalazion?

Chalazions are small swellings that are caused by the obstruction of the meibomian glands or sebaceous glands in the eyelid. These swellings are usually filled with fatty deposits that cannot drain due to obstruction or pus from infections. Chalazions, which may occur on the inside or outside of the eyelid, may cause discomfort such as redness, swelling, and stinging sensation. In addition, temporary astigmatism or blurred vision problems may occur due to the pressure of the chalazion cyst. Many chalazion histories last no longer than a few weeks and will heal on their own without any treatment. However, for cysts that last longer than a few weeks and do not heal spontaneously, it may be necessary to use applications or surgical operations to relieve the congestion in the eyelid glands.

What Are the Symptoms of Chalazion?

Chalazions are cystic lumps that can occur in one or both eyes. These cysts, which are generally not painful, tend to grow slowly. Although it can affect the upper or lower eyelids, most chalazions occur on the upper eyelid. Common chalazion symptoms include:

  • drooping eyelid
  • Redness and swelling of the eyes and eyelids
  • Eye watering and irritation
  • Pressure and stinging sensations in the eyeball
  • blurred vision
  • Discomfort when blinking

The chalazion may remain as the remnant of a sty whose infection has healed. Since it is similar in appearance, it can be confused with a sty. The biggest difference between a sty and chalazion is pain. Styes usually consist of painful bumps. However, chalazion appears as sebaceous gland-like bumps that do not cause pain.

What Causes Chalazion?

Any health problem that can affect the skin or eyes, especially inflammatory eye diseases, can cause chalazions to form. Some diseases such as seborrheic dermatitis, acne rosacea (rose disease), chronic blepharitis can cause frequent or long-lasting chalazions. Apart from these, as in many parts of the body, there are various glands in the eyes. The most common cause of chalazion is the blockage of the meibomian glands, which produce the oils in the tears in order to moisturize and protect the eyes and to perform the blinking process without any problems. The oil produced due to the blockages in the ducts of the secretory gland accumulates in the eyelid and causes a formation in the form of a cyst. Some other risk factors that can be effective in the formation of chalazion include:

  • Viral conjunctivitis
  • Different viral diseases
  • Skin cancer
  • Tuberculosis
  • Diabetes
  • bacterial infections

Depending on the cause, some chalazions may recur frequently after healing. In such cases, eye health may also be adversely affected due to cysts or large cysts that occur continuously. For this reason, research and treatment planning for health problems that trigger recurrent eyelid cysts should be carried out more meticulously.

How Is Chalazion Diagnosed?

Chalazion is a health problem that can be easily noticed by patients because it causes visible swelling. Anyone who feels a lump or swelling in the upper or lower eyelids should apply to the eye diseases departments of health institutions. The diagnosis of chalazion can be made easily when the swelling in question is examined in detail under the light by ophthalmologists. Physical eye examination after listening to the patient’s symptoms in detail allows to distinguish chalazion from sty. While determining the treatment plan, information is also obtained about how long the swelling has been in the patient and whether it causes pain or visual impairment. Then, the necessary information is given to the patient and the treatment phase is started.

What are the Methods Used in Chalazion Treatment?

In patients with chalazion formation in the eye, self-healing of the chalazion can be expected without the need for any intervention or medical treatment, depending on the situation. A number of home care practices that support healing may be recommended by the physician. In addition, eye drops and ointments applied to the eyelids can be applied as supportive treatment to help relieve congestion in the eyelid glands. In addition, light massages and warm compresses on the eyelids open the channels and help the cyst to drain. However, the cyst should never be tried to be squeezed or emptied. Such applications can worsen chalazion and even cause permanent eye damage. In the application of warm compresses, care should be taken not to give excessive heat to the eye. The chalazion usually heals spontaneously within a week, with the use of a warm compress applied to the eye 4 times a day and for about 10 minutes, as well as a light massage and the use of drops recommended by the physician. Healing can be achieved by applying surgical treatments recommended by the physician for chalazions that do not heal spontaneously or that grow rapidly.

What is Chalazion Surgery and How Is It Done?

Another answer to the question of how chalazion in the eye is treated is surgery and injections. Persistent or severe chalazions require treatment with corticosteroid injections or surgical procedures. Both surgery and corticosteroid injections are two very effective methods for the treatment of chalazion. Which of these will be applied is decided according to the condition of the cyst after the examination by the physician. In most cases, chalazion surgery performed by eye surgeons is performed as a simple operation that can be performed even in the office. This procedure is also known as eye cyst surgery and allows the chalazion to be drained and cleaned so that no visible scars remain. Before this procedure, which is performed by making a minimal incision under the eyelid, the eyelid is anesthetized with local anesthesia. Therefore, the patient does not feel any pain. In recurrent chalazions, the fluid taken from the cyst may need to be sent to the laboratory for pathological examination. In this way, it can be understood whether there is any malignant formation. The other treatment method, corticosteroid injection, is an injection directly into the chalazion. Among the possible side effects in this application, especially in people with dark skin color, there is the problem of lightening the skin color in the application area. Therefore, the appropriate treatment option should be determined by the physician in accordance with the patient.

Eye hygiene should be taken care of to prevent chalazion formation. It is very important to choose the make-up materials or cosmetic products used among the products that do not pose any health problems. Hands should be washed thoroughly before touching the eyes. In addition, since contact lens wearers are more prone to infections, they should insert and remove the lenses that they clean well with the help of lens solutions with clean hands. Care should be taken not to exceed the storage conditions and usage periods of the lenses. You can protect your eye health by ensuring that chalazions are treated appropriately and in a timely manner. Therefore, if you also feel a lump in your eye or if you observe a cyst-like residue in your eye after having a stye, it would be beneficial to consult your ophthalmologist and undergo an examination.

See more information please visit https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chalazion

What is Chalazion

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