What is Elbow Pain? What are the symptoms? How does it go?
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What is Elbow Pain? What are the symptoms? How does it go?

Elbows are structures that allow many actions to be performed, such as throwing, lifting, swinging or hugging. This joint is formed as a result of the coming together of three different bones. The upper arm bone called the humerus and the bones called ulna and radius in the forearm form the 3 bone structures that join the elbow joint. The cartilage structure at the end of each of the bones allows these structures to slide over each other during various movements and to absorb (absorb) the resulting shock waves.

Connective tissue elements called ligaments take part in fixing the cartilages. Tendons, another connective tissue element, enable muscle and bone structures to work together, and mediate the realization of the desired movement. Damage to any of these structures that make up the elbow joint can result in elbow pain.

What is Elbow Pain? What are the symptoms? How does it go?
What is Elbow Pain? What are the symptoms? How does it go?

What is Elbow Pain?

Elbow pain is a symptom that can be caused by problems in many structures in this region. The most common causes of this complaint are overuse and injuries during sports activities. Golf players, tennis players and boxers are the sports branches where elbow pain is most common.

There are many structures where elbow problems can occur:

  • arm muscles
  • elbow ligaments
  • Tendons
  • bones in this area
  • Bursa (small pads around the joint for support)

What Are the Symptoms Accompanying Elbow Pain?

Symptoms of elbow pain can vary depending on the underlying cause of this condition:

MEDIAL EPICONDILITIS (GOLFGER’S ELBOW)

Medial epicondylitis is a problem that affects the tendons on the inside of the elbow and is called golfer’s elbow. Repetitive throwing or rocking movements are among the main causes of medial epicondylitis. The pain that occurs in this condition is in the inner part of the elbow and can be triggered by wrist movements.

In addition to rest, this problem can be overcome with correct exercise and supportive treatments such as cold application.

LATERAL EPICONDILITIS (TENNIS ELBOW)

Lateral epicondylitis, which is caused by the involvement of the tendons on the outer side of the elbow, is a problem that occurs especially during sports activities with racquets or in some special occupational groups. This condition, also known as tennis elbow, can occur in many occupational groups. Cooks, painters, carpet makers, automobile industry workers and plumbers are among the occupational groups where tennis elbow can occur.

Tendons are structures where muscles attach to bone. In the formation of tennis elbow, the “extensor carpi radialis brevis” tendon in the forearm is damaged. This tendon basically supports the raising of the wrist.

Complaints such as elbow pain or burning occur on the outer side of the elbow. Another symptom that accompanies this disorder is the inability to fully perform the grasping movement. Applications such as rest, physical therapy applications or the use of wristbands for this problem may be beneficial in eliminating these symptoms.

OLECRANON BURSIT

Bursitis refers to the inflammation of the fluid-filled sacs called bursa, which protect the joints. Olecranon bursitis is inflammation of the bursae around the pointed bones at the elbow.

Conditions such as a blow to the elbow area, staying in a lying position for a long time, infection conditions and arthritis (joint inflammation) may play a role in the emergence of this situation.

With the development of olecranon bursitis, symptoms such as edema, pain and limitation of movement occur in the elbow region. The resulting edema may increase gradually or may occur suddenly. If the underlying problem of this condition is infection, other complaints such as redness and warmth may accompany the existing symptoms.

Medication and elbow splints are the main treatment approaches for olecranon bursitis. In severe and chronic cases, surgical interventions can be applied to eliminate this problem.

OSTEOARTHRITIS

Osteoarthritis refers to inflammation of the cartilage tissue located between the joints. After this situation, cartilage tissue is damaged. Elbow osteoarthritis can occur as a result of injuries involving this area or conditions such as wear and tear on the joint. Osteoarthritis, which is among the most common causes of disability in adults, can occur in middle-aged men who work hard, in people who have experienced trauma in the elbow region before, and in people who have other affected individuals in their family for this disease.

After the development of osteoarthritis in the elbow, symptoms such as pain, movement problems related to bending the elbow, the formation of a locking feeling during the use of the elbow, the formation of a squeaking sound during movement and edema may occur.

Osteoarthritis is usually treated with medication and physical therapy. In severe cases, various procedures such as replacing the joint with surgical procedures can be applied.

FRACTURES AND DISPLACEMENTS OF THE ELBOW REGION

After elbow trauma such as falling on a tense arm, health problems such as fractures and dislocations may occur in the skeletal system structures in this region. Dislocations, expressed as dislocations, refer to the departure of the bones from their normal anatomical alignment. Fractures, on the other hand, as the name suggests, mean large cracks or fractures in bone structures.

After the development of fracture and dislocation, visible symptoms such as edema and discoloration occur in the elbow area. Complete restriction of the movement of the elbow joint and pain formation are among the other complaints that may occur.

After the application to health institutions, physicians can perform maneuvers that will allow the dislocations to be placed in place. In some cases, the affected area is fixed using a plaster or splint and medical treatment is applied. Following the completion of the healing, physical therapy applications are used in order to restore the range of motion of the joint.

How is Elbow Pain Diagnosed?

In addition to physical examination and medical history taking, biopsy and various radiological imaging studies are also used in the diagnostic approach to elbow pain:

  • X-rays
  • Computed tomography (CT) scans
  • magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Electromyography (EMG), which provides measurement of muscle nerve activity
  • Bursa fluid biopsy

How Is Elbow Pain Treated?

Treatment of elbow pain varies depending on the degree of this complaint and the main factor that plays a role in its formation. While supportive and preventive treatment approaches are beneficial in many elbow pain cases, surgical treatment interventions can be applied in cases where these methods do not yield results.

There are many applications that answer the question of how to relieve elbow pain:

  • Cold applications such as putting ice
  • Resting the affected area
  • Use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs if prescribed by physicians
  • Physical therapy applications
  • Methods such as splints or plaster
  • steroid injections
  • Use of elbow support pads

Exercises performed during physical therapy applications are important because they both shorten the recovery period and prevent the recurrence of elbow pain. Thanks to exercise and stretching movements, it is possible to relieve pain in the region, increase the range of motion of the joint, reduce regional inflammation and strengthen the muscles around the joint.

Before starting these applications recommended by physical therapy specialists, it should be remembered that the movements should be done gently and the joint should not be forced in case of any pain sensation. Movements such as excessive stretching should be avoided and physical therapy exercises are recommended to seek support from specialist physicians if complaints do not improve.

See more information please visit https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elbow

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